The capital of Georgia is Tbilisi, a charming town built along the twisting valley of the river Mtkvari. Elegant 19th century buildings line its leafy boulevards and in the old town, wooden houses with carved overhanging balconies hug the mountainside.
Archaeological material shows us that the first settlements on the city’s territory appeared in the eneolithic age, in the III–IV millennium. In the second half of the fifth century, by the order of the king of Kartli Vakhtang Gorgasali, the following construction of Tbilisi began with the purpose of making it the seat of the throne. The work commenced by Vakhtang Gorgasali was finished by his heir, Dachi. History has preserved for us an extraordinary story about the foundation of Tbilisi. Once upon a time Tbilisi and its surroundings were covered by forests, and Vakhtang Gorgasali was hunting there. The king and the members of his company made their pheasant fly, and the falcon chased the pheasant until soon both the birds disappeared from sight. After a long search the king and his company saw that both birds had fallen into a hot sulphur spring. There were many such medical springs in that territory. The king Vakhtang liked this area and decided to build a city in the area. He named it Tbilisi because of those hot springs.
The location and appearance of Tbilisi are unique. The city is surrounded on three sides by the slopes of Trialeti and Saguramo-Ialoni ranges. The hollow in which Tbilisi lies merges with Lower Kartli Plain in the south-east and the Samgori plain in the east.Most of the city lies on the different slopes from 380 to 550 m. above the sea level. The city itself is a combination of Western and Eastern architecture and culture.
A blend of cultures, a smell of spices on the air, different nations meeting on street corners, different faiths sharing the same courtyards ... this is Tbilisi, the city that has been dominated by traders, warriors, tyrants and dictators in turn. Take a walk around the old town, and breathe in the living past. Visit the bustling markets, the ancient sulphur baths, the dazzling treasury, and the magnificent churches, and gain a sense of the crossing place of the Caucasus. Tbilisi is a town which conquers with a slow fascination.
Adjara, officially the Autonomous Republic of Adjara is an autonomous republic of Georgia, in the southwestern corner of the country, bordered by Turkey to the south and the eastern end of the Black Sea.
At the southern end of Georgia's Black Sea Coastline lies the seaside resort of Batumi, the capital of the province of Adjara, the warmest and wettest place in Georgia. Under Turkish rule in the 17th Century, Batumi was famous for its slave market, while in the 19th century under the Russians it was a free port. Today, apart from the commercial port area, there is a wide beachfront, the old town, rundown mansions and wooden houses, shady avenues, parks and outdoor cafes, rich in citrus fruit and tea. Industries include oil refineries, shipbuilding, food processing, and light manufacturing.
Kutaisi is one of the most beautiful and ancient cities of Georgia. It is situated in West Georgia in Kvemo (Low) Imereti region on the banks of the river Rioni where the river comes out of its narrow and quite deep gorge to Colchi Valley. The settlement is spread on both sides of the river Rioni on hills, embankment terraces and a vast green valley.
Georgia's second city - A hilly green city on the banks of the Rioni River, it has numerous interesting churches in particular Bagrat Cathedral. The ruins of this mainly 11th century cathedral standing high on a hill across the river are very impressive.
The history of Kutaisi foundation comes from ancient times. It was founded on the place which was considered as the best and most productive lands of ancient Colchi. Three trading ways were joined there: one of them came from Iberia, the second one from south and with the help of the third way Kutaisi was connected with the ports of the Black Sea not only by caravans but also by the river Rioni. The suitable geographical position of Kutaisi was noticed even in the early period and because of this it became inhabited already in old times. The history of Kutaisi comes from the time when all Colchi kingdoms came into being. The reflection of power of this kingdrom is the remarkable monument of ancient Greek epos - A Myth about Argonauts which was created in the second millennium BC. Kutaisi was considered to be the capital of Colchi.
As Kutaisi was the capital city from X century up to 1122 the treasury of the state was kept here. At that time David Agmashenebeli (David the Builder) at the age of 16 became the king of Georgia (1089-1125). He built and united Georgia and moved the capital from Kutaisi to Tbilisi.
Town Signagi is situated in the very eastern part of Georgia – In Kakheti region, on the mountain terraces. The population had been living here from on ancient time. Even in XII-XIII centuries these places had been populous. Signagi faces the Alazani field from the rising ground (750m elevation) and it is combined with the surroundings.
The territory of the modern-day town has been settled since Paleolithic period and had been known as Hereti in Middle Ages and as Kiziqi since the 15th century. Signagi as a settlement is first recorded in the early 18th century.
The Alazani field and the Caucasus Mountains seen from here, according sun shining, foggy and other factors of the weather constantly change their colouring. That’s why Signagi is a constant subject of the interest of the workers of art. Its beautiful landscapes are painted by a lot of painters. Everything has got a historical meaning here. The town is surrounded by prision with fence of the length of 4km, those occupiers the area of 40 hectares: The fence has got 6 entrances, There are 23 towers here, and the fortress is the symbol of independence; There are paved streets and old-fashioned houses with nice balconies in the town. There is no other place so close to the sky, as in this city.
There is built St. Nino’s church near the town there. (Christianity in Georgia is connected to the name of St. Nino). She died on this place in 338 and the first church was built in her behalf in the fourth century.
There also are churches and temples built on the territory of adjoining villages of Signagi, many centuries ago. The museum of great Georgian painter Niko Pirosmanashvili is located near Signagi, in Mirzaani.